Loblolly pine is second most widespread of trees in the United States, after the red maple. It is a fast growing conifer. One particular individual in Arkansas is over 300 years of age. The origin of its name is the combination of the two words lob and lolly; the former means bubbling porridge while lolly means any pot-boiled food like soup or broth.
|Scientific Name||Pinus taeda|
|Other Names||Old field pine, rosemary pine, Indian pine, bull pine, longstraw pine, North Carolina pine|
Size: 98-115 ft (30-35 m)
Trunk Diameter: 1.3-4.9 ft (0.4-1.5 m)
Needles (Leaves): 6-9 in (15-23 cm) in length, evergreen, three yellow-green needles bundled in a fascicle, twistedBark: Young trees have scaly red to grayish-brown barks, while older individuals have furrowed barks with roundish scaly plates, and the oldest specimens have flat, scaly red-brown plates
Cones: 3-6 in (7.6-15.2 cm), red-brown, ovoid to cylindrical, matures with the onset of fall
Seeds: 0.20-0.24 in (5-6 mm) and reddish-brown in color
|Distribution||Central Texas to Florida and from Delaware to southern New Jersey|
|Habitat||Swamps and lowland areas|
|Growth Rate||Rapid; grows 2 ft annually|
Summer Conditions: Long, humid and hot summers
Winter Conditions: Short, mild winters
Rainfall: 40-60 inches of annual rainfall
Light: Full, direct sun
Soil: Loamy, acidic, moist, well-drained sandy or clay
|Diseases & Pests||Diseases: Heart rot, butt rot, needle rust, fusiform rust, and annosus root rot
Pests: Bark beetles, pine engraver beetles
|Seedling Development||Moisture a key factor in germination, higher rainfall during spring aids helps the seed to germinate|
|Wildlife Value||Nesting sites for bald eagles, ospreys, and red-cockaded woodpecker, also attracts deer, squirrel, warblers, nuthatches, and red crossbills|
|Uses||Furniture, plywood, pulpwood, composite boards, posts, crates, boxes, and pallets. It is also used to correct damaged and eroded soils, as well as an ornamental tree; essential oils from the resin has medicinal uses; also used in bonsai|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- Loblolly pine is one of the moon trees. It was taken aboard the Apollo 14 flight to the moon, and its seeds were planted in different parts of the United States upon return.
- This species is often hybridized with longleaf pines to produce Sonderegger pines.
- The Eisenhower Tree at Augusta National Park in Georgia was a loblolly pine. It was removed in 2014.
- There is a dwarf variety of this tree called the ‘Nana’.