The Norway spruce is a beautiful ornamental tree species. The pyramid-shape makes it as a viable choice for Christmas trees. It is also a popular selection for bonsai.
|Scientific Name||Picea abies|
|Other Names||European spruce|
|Tree Type||Coniferous evergreen|
|Identification||Height: 115-180 ft (35-55 m)|
Leaves: Dark green, needle-like leaves and tips are flat, sizing 0.47-0.94 in (12-24 mm)
Trunk Diameter: 39-59 in (1-1.5 m)
Bark: Up and down lines throughout the brown bark
Cones: Either blunt or sharp triangular-shaped scale tips sizing 3.5-6.6 in (88.9-167.6 mm). Initially they are red or green turning to brown post pollination
Seeds: Black in color sizing 0.15-0.19 in (4-5 mm)
Branches: Branches are swooping and branchlets have a drooping shape
Crown: The crown gradually becomes thinner when the tree ages
|Lifespan||Around 300 years|
|Growing Condition||Sunlight: Full sun required|
Soil: Slightly alkaline, wet at times, well-drained, loam, and clay
Water: during the dry weather it needs water
|Diseases & Pests||Cytospora canker, needle cast, and rust diseases, mites, eastern Spruce gall adelgid, Cooley’s Spruce gall adelgid, bagworms, spruce budworm larvae, sawfly larvae,|
|Wildlife Value||Cone scales are consumed by caterpillars, and barks are fed by moths|
4. Little Gem
12. Pendula or weeping Norway spruce
|Uses||Used for paper and timber production, making the vitamin C enriched spruce beer, constructing musical instruments. In the traditional Austrian medical science, the shoot tip of the tree could be either consumed as a healing beverage or used as an ointment, inhaler, bathing lotion for treating gastrointestinal tracts, infections, respiratory and skin problems|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- Its scientific name ‘abies’ means ‘fir-like’ in Latin.
- Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world.
- The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150.
- Siberian spruce is known to be its subspecies but scientists are researching about it as the two trees are extremely similar.
Published on July 26th 2019 by Sahana Kanjilal under Spruce.
Article was last reviewed on 5th December 2022.
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