The Norway spruce is a beautiful ornamental tree species. The pyramid-shape makes it as a viable choice for Christmas trees. It is also a popular selection for bonsai.
|Scientific Name||Picea abies|
|Other Names||European spruce|
|Tree Type||Coniferous evergreen|
|Identification||Height: 115-180 ft (35-55 m)|
Leaves: Dark green, needle-like leaves and tips are flat, sizing 0.47-0.94 in (12-24 mm)
Trunk Diameter: 39-59 in (1-1.5 m)
Bark: Up and down lines throughout the brown bark
Cones: Either blunt or sharp triangular-shaped scale tips sizing 3.5-6.6 in (88.9-167.6 mm). Initially they are red or green turning to brown post pollination
Seeds: Black in color sizing 0.15-0.19 in (4-5 mm)
Branches: Branches are swooping and branchlets have a drooping shape
Crown: The crown gradually becomes thinner when the tree ages
|Lifespan||Around 300 years|
|Growing Condition||Sunlight: Full sun required|
Soil: Slightly alkaline, wet at times, well-drained, loam, and clay
Water: during the dry weather it needs water
|Diseases & Pests||Cytospora canker, needle cast, and rust diseases, mites, eastern Spruce gall adelgid, Cooley’s Spruce gall adelgid, bagworms, spruce budworm larvae, sawfly larvae,|
|Wildlife Value||Cone scales are consumed by caterpillars, and barks are fed by moths|
4. Little Gem
12. Pendula or weeping Norway spruce
|Uses||Used for paper and timber production, making the vitamin C enriched spruce beer, constructing musical instruments. In the traditional Austrian medical science, the shoot tip of the tree could be either consumed as a healing beverage or used as an ointment, inhaler, bathing lotion for treating gastrointestinal tracts, infections, respiratory and skin problems|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- Its scientific name ‘abies’ means ‘fir-like’ in Latin.
- Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world.
- The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150.
- Siberian spruce is known to be its subspecies but scientists are researching about it as the two trees are extremely similar.