The Korean fir tree is a small to mid-sized evergreen conifer, found in the mountains of South Korea. It is a beautiful plant with ornamental foliage, revered across the world as a decorative tree for gardens and landscapes.
|Scientific Name||Abies koreana|
|Other Names||Gusang Namu (in Korea)|
|Size||Height at maturity around 15-30 feet|
|Leaves||Needle-like, flattened; 1-2 cm long and 2-2.5 mm wide with a thickness of 0.5 mm; glossy dark green topside with two bright and vivid bands of stomata below; slightly notched tips|
|Cones (Strobili)||4-7 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide; dark purple-blue when young|
|Shape||Symmetrical with a conical outline|
|Distribution/Range||Native range is in the mountains of South Korea, including Jeju-do Island at altitudes of 3,280-6230 feet|
|Lifespan||Around 30 years|
|Growth Rate||Slow for the first 5 years, picks up the pace after that|
|Growing Conditions||Spring Conditions: Fertilizer should be applied in early spring before newly-grown appear
Water: High requirement for water except the rainy season
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil requirements: Cool, moist, well-drained sandy, loamy or clay soil, with high acidic pH
|Pests and Diseases||Needle rust, root rot disease, twig blight, aphids, bagworms, balsam wooly adelgids, bark beetles, scales, spider mites, spruce budworms|
|Flowering/Fruiting||Flowering period: June, July, and August
Fruiting period: March to May
|Seed Production||Colorful cones are borne at a very young age; by 5 years of age, cones bear purple/blue color|
|Seedling Development||Germination happens almost a year after they have been sown into well-drained, sandy compost soil; should be covered to their own depth either with grit or sand; artificial heat is not necessary; germination process is rather slow during spring months|
|Wildlife Value||This tree has not been known to exhibit any wildlife value|
|Uses||Makes for an attractive ornamental tree|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Endangered|
- The Korean fir has such symmetry that its cones are very geometric, exact and perfectly groomed, not one of its needles look out of place.
- The ‘Silberlocke’ and ‘Aurea’ variants are so named because of their silver and golden foliages, respectively.
Published on July 7th 2016 by Sudipto Chakrabarti under Fir.
Article was last reviewed on 5th December 2022.
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