The Korean fir tree is a small to mid-sized evergreen conifer, found in the mountains of South Korea. It is a beautiful plant with ornamental foliage, revered across the world as a decorative tree for gardens and landscapes.
|Scientific Name||Abies koreana|
|Other Names||Gusang Namu (in Korea)|
|Size||Height at maturity around 15-30 feet|
|Leaves||Needle-like, flattened; 1-2 cm long and 2-2.5 mm wide with a thickness of 0.5 mm; glossy dark green topside with two bright and vivid bands of stomata below; slightly notched tips|
|Cones (Strobili)||4-7 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide; dark purple-blue when young|
|Shape||Symmetrical with a conical outline|
|Distribution/Range||Native range is in the mountains of South Korea, including Jeju-do Island at altitudes of 3,280-6230 feet|
|Lifespan||Around 30 years|
|Growth Rate||Slow for the first 5 years, picks up the pace after that|
|Growing Conditions||Spring Conditions: Fertilizer should be applied in early spring before newly-grown appear
Water: High requirement for water except the rainy season
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil requirements: Cool, moist, well-drained sandy, loamy or clay soil, with high acidic pH
|Pests and Diseases||Needle rust, root rot disease, twig blight, aphids, bagworms, balsam wooly adelgids, bark beetles, scales, spider mites, spruce budworms|
|Flowering/Fruiting||Flowering period: June, July, and August
Fruiting period: March to May
|Seed Production||Colorful cones are borne at a very young age; by 5 years of age, cones bear purple/blue color|
|Seedling Development||Germination happens almost a year after they have been sown into well-drained, sandy compost soil; should be covered to their own depth either with grit or sand; artificial heat is not necessary; germination process is rather slow during spring months|
|Wildlife Value||This tree has not been known to exhibit any wildlife value|
|Uses||Makes for an attractive ornamental tree|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Endangered|
- The Korean fir has such symmetry that its cones are very geometric, exact and perfectly groomed, not one of its needles look out of place.
- The ‘Silberlocke’ and ‘Aurea’ variants are so named because of their silver and golden foliages, respectively.