Japanese Plum Yew
The Japanese plum yew is a deer-resistant small tree belonging to the plum-yew family. Its scientific name is in honor of the Earl of Harrington, who was the first plant this tree in a Europe.
|Scientific Name||Cephalotaxus harringtonii|
|Other Names||Korean plum yew, cowtail pine, Harrington’s cephalotaxus, Assam plum yew, plum fruit yew, spreading plum yew|
Size: 5-10 ft (1.5-3 m) tall and 5-14 ft (1.5-4.3 m) wide
Trunk Diameter: 4 ft (1.2 m)
Needles (Leaves): Linear, 2 in (5 cm) long, 0.12 in (0.30 cm) wide, leathery, dark-green above and lighter green below, arranged on either side of the shoot
Flowers: Males are pale cream-colored, becoming brown as they age, globular-shaped; females are spherical, can be found at the base of shoots
Cones: Smooth, pale green with darker green stripes, ovoid-shaped, 1 inch long, 0.6 inch wide
|Distribution||They are native to Japan and Korea|
|Habitat||Woodlands of deciduous forests at heights of 1,970-3,280 ft (600-1,000 m)|
Summer: Part shade during hot summers, full sun during cooler ones
Winter: First year of winter should be in cover
Light Requirement: Full sun to full shade
Soil: Sand, loam, clay
|Diseases & Pests||None|
|Propagation||By cuttings and seeds|
|Seedling Development||Germination may take more than a year and half|
|Uses||Ornamental; a substance known as omacetaxine, extracted from the leaves is used in treatment of leukemia|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- Oil derived from the fruits of the Japanese plum yew is edible, as are the seeds.
- This plant is sometimes confused with the similar sounding Japanese yew.