European Larch is a shade intolerant species that is common throughout Carpathian Mountains and Alps. Presently, it is a sought after one for its beautiful appearance that enhances gardens and parks.
|Scientific Name||Larix decidua|
|Also Known as||Common larch|
|Identification||Size: 82-148 ft (25-45 m)Trunk Diameter: 3.2 ft (1 m)
Needles: 1-1.1 inch (2-4 cm) light green which changes into bright yellow before shedding
Cones: 1-2.3 in (2-3 cm) green, red and color changing at times
|Habitat||Mountainous zones with an elevation of 1000-2400 meter|
|Lifespan||1000 years (in one case a tree has been reported to live as long as 2000 years)|
Sun: Full exposure
Soil: Well-drained soil, loamy and moist soil
|Disease & Pests||
Disease: Larch canker
Pests: Larch case-bearer
|Seedling Development||In full sun they germinate well|
|Wildlife Value||For forestation (since its growth rate is very fast), red squirrels eat seeds, black grouse eat immature cones and buds|
|Uses||Wood is used for building yacht, rusting fencing|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- Three generations bearing the title of Dukes of Atholl had planted the species to a mentionable extent. The fourth duke also encouraged the cultivation to go on and he even wrote a book named ‘Observations on Larch’ in 1807. Even there is a claim that a particular tree, planted by the second Duke of Atholl is still thriving.
- According to the European folklore, burning and using the larch as a wear can protect an individual from evil attacks. This was a long-standing tool used for enchantment.