The Montezuma cypress is a deciduous, coniferous tree found from Central America to the Southern parts of North America where it generally grows next to water bodies. Known to develop huge trunks, the Montezuma cypress is a fairly hardy plant not affected by common diseases.
|Scientific Name||Taxodium mucronatum|
|Also Known As||Montezuma bald cypress, Mexican Cypress; sabino, ahuehuete, ciprés, pénjamu, Ciprés de los Panatanos [Spanish]|
|Similar To||Bald cypress, Pond cypress|
|Size||130ft (40m) tall; trunk diameter of 3.3-9.9ft (1-3.1m)|
|Leaves (Needles)||Arranged spirally, twisted at the base; 0.39-0.79in (1-2cm) long, 0.039-0.079in (1-2mm) broad|
|Fruits (Cones)||Ovoid; female cones are dry and hard, measuring 1-3 inches in length|
|Tree Type||Evergreen or Semi-evergreen|
|Distribution||From Southern Texas in the US through Mexico down to the Northern part of Guatemala|
|Growing Conditions||Summer Conditions: Dry summers with constant water requirement
Soil: Clay loam, sandy loam, medium loam, sandy, clay; wet and moist
Light Requirement: Part shade
Water Requirement: High
|Diseases and Pests||None|
|Seed Production||Seeds mature in October|
|Seedling Development||Seeds germinate quicker with ample moisture, less so during drier months|
|Propagation||With seeds and cutting|
|Wildlife Value||Nesting site for many animal species, seeds are devoured by many small animals, especially rabbits|
|Cultivars||Weeper Montezuma cypress|
|Uses||As an ornamental or as a shade tree; wood used to make furniture and house beams; the Aztecs used its resin to treat ulcer, gout, and toothache|
|IUCN Conservation Status||Least Concern|
- The ‘El Árbol del Tule’ Montezuma cypress in Oaxaca state of Mexico is believed to be between 1,433-1,600 years. It has the thickest tree trunk in the world.
- The Montezuma cypress is the national tree of Mexico.
- The weeping form of Montezuma cypress was introduced by Dan Hosage in the year 1992.